Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 25 On the Carpus

Where the carpus is covered with ligaments, and where by cartilage

They are all(compare figs. 1 and 2, then the 3rd to the 4th) bound together (but not, as some think, fused) by these sinewy and cartilaginous bonds, forming two complete surfaces: convex on the outside [carpale dorsale] as much as is useful to the hand, and hollow on the inside [carpale palmare], as concave as is convenient to this part of the hand. 19 Only these surfaces are bound by ligaments; 20 above (fig. 5), where the bones [ossa carpi proximalis] are joined to the forearm [radius et ulna], they are smooth and coated with cartilage, just as they are below (fig. 6) [ossa carpi distalis], where they are joined to the metacarpal bones [ll. carpometacarpalia dorsalia et palmaria] and the first bone of the thumb [artic. carpometacarpalis pollicis]. Indeed, where the bones touch each other they are not everywhere rough and uneven or covered with ligaments, but smoothly fitted depressions are carved in all of them, lined with smooth, slippery cartilage, and they receive the tubercles or heads of the other bones, which are likewise smooth and covered with cartilage. 21 Ligaments [ll. intercarpalia dorsalia, palmaria, interossea] or membranes come between none of the carpal bones except in the spaces [interossea] between the bones of the lower row [ossa carpi distalis], where a small amount of cartilaginous ligament, scarcely worth noticing, intervenes as if at a point, and where the lower bones are not so closely packed together as the upper.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 25 On the Carpus