Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 14 On the Spine and its Various Bones

The transverse processes 29

Like the processes just mentioned that make a spine and serve the purpose of a bulwark, there are others, namely the transverse processes (M, M), with which the vertebrae are equipped. These are put forth in part as a kind of seat for the muscles that move the back; 30 likewise, the spines also aid quite substantially as origins and insertions of muscles, 31 which is why nearly all processes of bones as a rule bulge or grow out like mountains or hills: this has been previously stated more than once. Muscles lie upon all these vertebral processes, along with the arteries, veins, and nerves brought to them or through them. 32 But there is another, third use of the transverse processes of the thoracic vertebrae in addition to those stated: they provide a fit seat [fovea costalis processus transversi] for the ribs to which they are articulated (figs. 1, 2, 3 in ch. 19).



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 14 On the Spine and its Various Bones