Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 13 On the Bone Resembling the Greek Upsilon

Location and names of the hyoid bone

A bone taken collectively for the sake of unity but constructed of many different ossicles is placed before the most prominent part of the larynx; some call it u(yiloeide/j 5 from the shape of the letter u, others more succinctly u(oeide/j: those without experience in dissection, misled by this term, have translated it in Galen as “the bone resembling a pig.” 6 This bone is named elsewhere lambdoeide/j [“lambda-shaped”] from the look of the letter L; translators deceived by this name have become accustomed to render it “the lambda-like suture of the head” (C, D in figs. 3, 4, ch. 6; B in the third skeleton). But I for my part have recently removed errors of this sort from a version of Galen which both Italy and Germany published in Latin. Herophilus 7 is also said to have called this bone parasta/thj [”companion”], perhaps because it is located next to the tongue, or the larynx, or the jaws, just as in the organs serving generation he calls certain items parasta/thj kirsoeidh/j “the varicose companion” [i.e., spermatic duct] (from d to e in figs. 22, 23, bk. 5) and parasta/thj a)denoeidh/j (c, B in the same figs.) “the glandular companion” 8 . Moreover, there are some who, because it is located in the throat, have called it the faru/ggetron. 9 I have made it my practice throughout to name this “the bone resembling a u,” or more succinctly “the hyoid.”



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 13 On the Bone Resembling the Greek Upsilon