Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 12 On The Foramina of the Head and the Upper Maxilla

SECOND FIGURE OF THE TWELFTH CHAPTER 5


In this figure we have drawn the outside of the base of the skull, where the palate faces out. 6 Here we shall not confine the term skull, calva or calvaria, or bones of the head to the eight bones of the head as they were termed earlier in the sixth and ninth chapters, nor shall we like Aristotle consider it only the portion covered with hair. 7 Rather we shall add the upper maxilla to those eight bones, and shall term “skull” or “head” that which is found everywhere in cemeteries and is depicted as a skull. Our previous distinction between the bones of the head and those of the upper maxilla may readily be understood as having been done for the sake of Galen and in the interest of clearer instruction.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 12 On The Foramina of the Head and the Upper Maxilla