Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 12 On The Foramina of the Head and the Upper Maxilla

Why a description of the foramina is undertaken

Because an ignorance of the foramina of the head would beget no small confusion in describing the veins, nerves, and arteries, and because in describing them (difficult as they are to understand) leading anatomists have made serious errors, I should now consider it worth while to devote this chapter to all the foramina of the head, 1 and to enumerate one by one those that I have identified clearly by careful and painstaking dissection, so that in my account of vessels, nerves, and certain membranes of the head the reader who is attentive and eager to learn will be able to go back and constantly have in readiness whatever foramen is being mentioned. That this may be done more readily, I shall place here four figures to assist the matter at hand, and describe each foramen separately with a letter placed ahead of it so that the language of the figure legend and the chapter text alike may be used at the same time. Then if by chance or design some cavity or process 2 has previously been left out, I shall now describe that also.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 12 On The Foramina of the Head and the Upper Maxilla