Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 10 On The Lower Maxilla

Picture of the special cartilage in the joint of the maxillae



But besides this cartilage which is equally common to all joints, there is placed between the socket and the capitulum another cartilage [discus articularis], smooth, thin, and soft, having something of the nature of a ligament in respect to its substance [cartilago fibrosa]. This cartilage [discus articularis] is nowhere attached to the bones, but only to the ligaments surrounding the joint [ligamentum laterale et capsula articularis]. By means of this cartilage [discus articularis] the movement of the hard bones in the joint is absorbed; it serves nicely, together with the cartilage 14 [cartilago fibrosa] attached to the capitulum and socket, to prevent the bones from being broken by the mutual friction of constant, heavy motion of the jaws.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 10 On The Lower Maxilla