Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 8 On the Ossicles That Enter Upon the Construction of the Organ of Hearing

The ossicle that is not unlike a small hammer [malleus]

The second ossicle (C, L, M) involved in the fabric of the organ of hearing is quite different from the one just described, and it attaches to another membrane. A foramen [meatus acusticus externus] in the cavity or hollow cut in the temporal bone, facing the ear [auris externa] in that part where it is near the space of the cavity [cavitas tympanica], is covered by an extremely thin, quite translucent small membrane (B) [membrana tympanica] in the same way that we say a vessel is covered or sealed by its base. The ossicle 7 is transversely attached to this membrane and transversely laid upon it inside, just as in drums we see one string and another heavier one stretched across the membrane. 8 In order to be more firmly braced, the ossicle has a long, thin process [manubrium mallei], by which it is attached along its width to the membrane.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 8 On the Ossicles That Enter Upon the Construction of the Organ of Hearing