Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 7 On the Jugal Bone, and the Bones Resembling a Rock Outcropping

How Nature made provision for the temporal muscles

Yet Nature was not at all content with this bulwark, and to a great degree hid the temporal muscle among the other bones of the head, carving a hollow [fossa temporalis] in the bones highly suitable for the reception of a muscle and hedging it about on every side by bulges and promontories of neighboring parts. Very deservedly did she construct this, because when the muscles of the temples are abused they bring on convulsions, fevers, unconsciousness, and madness, since they are near the beginning of the nerves [nervi craniales] and only bone separates them from the brain and its membranes [meninges]. Moreover, five twigs (Q, R, b, c, and d in the figure preceding chapter 2, Book 4 7 ) of the cerebral nerves (besides the three known to other anatomists, I have found two more) are implanted in each muscle. 8 On this account it was helpful for the divine Hippocrates to pronounce that the blows most likely to bring unconsciousness are temporal. 9



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 7 On the Jugal Bone, and the Bones Resembling a Rock Outcropping