Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 5 The Structure of the Head: Why It Is Shaped As It Is, and How Many Configurations It Has

First, Second, and Third Unnatural shapes

All shapes varying from this are considered unnatural, such as the one (figure 2) in which the anterior eminence [tuber frontale] grown from the sinciput or higher part of the forehead [os frontale] is missing, but the posterior [tuber occipitale] which belongs to the occiput is kept; likewise the one which looks quite the opposite of this (figure 3), having lost the posterior or occipital swelling while the anterior one [tuber frontale] remains. The third (figure 4) is still more unnatural, in which both eminences of the head, that is the front one in the forehead and rear one in the occiput, are done away with and the head looks absolutely rotund, like a perfect sphere. This is the shape Homer attributes to Thersites, for many say it is the one he called foco/j; 21 but most prefer to use this name and o)cukefa/loj for all pointed shapes.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 5 The Structure of the Head: Why It Is Shaped As It Is, and How Many Configurations It Has