Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 4 On the Structural Relationships of Bones

Substances that aid the union of bones: Ligaments

Every type of union of bones is made with the aid of some part, or of no part. For all joints (see fig. in ch. 1, Bk. 2) are bound together by ligaments, which clothe the bones on all sides. Sometimes these actually come between the bones, as in the joint of the femur with the hip [ligamentum capitis femoris] and in joining the bodies of the vertebrae [discus intervertebralis]. This connection of bones with the aid of ligaments is called by the Greeks sunneu/rwsij, 50 derived from “nerve,” a word applied to what are properly called ligaments and tendons, as well as those that come out of the cerebrum and dorsal medulla. The ancients, like laymen today, understood all of these as “nerves”; and Aristotle especially does so at all times, particularly when he describes the attachment of the bones. 51



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 4 On the Structural Relationships of Bones