Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 3 Names by which the Parts and Surfaces of Bones are Identified

Vertebrum, vertebra, spo/nduloj

Latin authors seem to have called this kind of head vertebrum or vertebra; 47 this is the name they use when the head of the femur enters the cavity [fossa acetabuli] of the hip. Though some have been willing to give this name to the entire joint of the hipbone with the femur, it would have been better to use this term only for the bones of the dorsal vertebra; so for us vertebra means what spo/nduloj meant to the Greeks: any bone of the back, which is also called verticulum by many, probably from the shape of the pivot or whorl (verticula) with which women weight their spindles.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 3 Names by which the Parts and Surfaces of Bones are Identified