Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 2 The Nature, Use, and Varieties of Cartilage

Cartilages attached to parts that stand erect

Moreover, the Maker of things enhanced with cartilage [c. hyalina] bare and projecting parts of the body as well as the ends of bones not attached to another bone, no doubt so that they should consist of a material too soft to be broken and too dry to be burst. That cartilage no less than finger- and toenails is fashioned from such a material, we learn even from children, who when they get a good-sized cartilage of a cartilaginous fish 14 or a calf, carve it into a little ball and throw it against a rock to make it bounce very high and many times. This resilience plainly argues the mixed character of cartilage, as when one attempts to cut or puncture its surface with a knife and it bounces back. Among the cartilages that border on exposed portions you will observe the cartilages of the nose, the one that comes to a point like a sword [processus xiphoideus] from the end of the sternum, the cartilages of the false ribs, and the one attached to the end of the coccyx [cornu coccygeum]; also the cartilage of the ear [c. elastica], which is thin and supple and covered by the skin, and handsomely supports the body of the ear in place of bone.



Book One -- The things that sustain and support the entire body, and what braces and attaches them all. [the bones and the ligaments that interconnect them] | Chapter 2 The Nature, Use, and Varieties of Cartilage